Australia

Coordinates: 27°S 133°E / 27°S 133°E / -27; 133

Australia (/ɒˈstrliə/, /ə-/, colloquially /-jə/), officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Neighbouring countries include Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.

For about 50,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages grouped into roughly 250 language groups. After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies were established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy comprising six states and several territories. The population of 24 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated in the eastern states and on the coast.

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New report examines how Australia can support Pacific shipping

SAFETY4SEA 24 Nov 2023
Australia is a committed maritime partner with the Pacific ... Pathways for Australia to be partner on maritime safety with the Pacific ... Australia could provide support for creating a shipbuilding industry within the Pacific region ... This could include supporting options for zero-emissions cargo transport such as uncrewed surface vessels powered by solar....
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Albanese government to rapidly expand investment scheme for clean energy projects

The Observer 23 Nov 2023
In a speech to the Lowy Institute this week, Bowen said reaching the renewable target in the electricity sector would provide Australia with a “strategic advantage when it comes to energy” because of an abundance of wind and solar resources, “enough to power our economy several times over”....
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‘It requires planning and commitment’: how to camp sustainably

The Observer 19 Nov 2023
Small is good, says Lee Atkinson, travel writer and author of Ultimate Road Trips Australia. “Opt for a tent or a camper trailer that you can power with a solar blanket or panels rather than a big motorhome or caravan with lots of appliances.” ... hiring out gear Australia-wide....
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California wants to become a hydrogen hub despite myriad hurdles

San Francisco Examiner 17 Nov 2023
Murphy said he expects to issue contracts early in 2024 for the initiative, which will include new boats, onshore electricity infrastructure and floating terminals for powering ferries ... Looking East, he said Australia - which has a lot of solar and wind power - has been particularly interested in developing hydrogen production capacity....
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Sustainable development

Manila Bulletin 15 Nov 2023
Amsterdam, Netherlands harnessed solar power with more and more homes installing solar panels and the use of electric vehicles ... Canberra, Australia relies heavily on solar power and wind farms, the city also being the first in Europe to be powered by 100 percent renewable energy....
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Nations negotiate terms of plastics treaty in Nairobi

Floyd County Chronicle 13 Nov 2023
While there is broad consensus a treaty is needed, there are very different opinions about what should be in it ... "We have the collective power to change this trajectory," he said ... More from this section ... Indonesia inaugurates world's third-largest floating solar power plant. Australia ports firm fights to restore operations after cyber incident ... ....
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Small modular nuclear reactor that was hailed by Coalition as future cancelled due to rising costs

The Observer 09 Nov 2023
The Coalition’s energy and climate spokesperson, Ted O’Brien, has cited NuScale’s technology as part of the opposition’s contentious argument that Australia should lift a national ban on nuclear energy and that small modular reactors (SMRs) could be an affordable replacement for its ageing coal-fired power plants....

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In this photo released by Uzbekistan's President Press Office, Iran's President Ebrahim Raisi attends the Summit of the Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO) in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, on Thursday, Nov. 9, 2023
AP / Uzbekistan's President Press Office

Iran's Raisi in Turkey to forge joint response to Gaza war

Urdu Point | 28 Nov 2023
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